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Role of Underscore(_) in Python
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  • Role of Underscore(_) in Python

    In this tutorial, you're going to learn about the uses of underscore(_) in python.

    Many of the Python Developers don't know about the functionalities of underscore(_) in Python. It helps users to write Python code productively.

    Underscore(_) is a unique character in Python.

    If you're a Python programmer, you probably familiar with the following syntax:

    • for _ in range(100)
    • __init__(self)
    • _ = 2

    It has some special meaning in different conditions. Let's see all of those.

    You will find max six different uses of underscore(_). If you want you can use it for different purposes after you have an idea about underscore(_).

    1. Use In Interpreter

    2. Ignoring Values

    3. Use In Looping

    4. Separating Digits Of Numbers

    5. Naming

      5.1. Single Pre Underscore

      5.2. Single Post Underscore

      5.3. Double Pre Undescores

      5.4. Double Pre And Post Underscores

    Let's all the uses briefly with examples.

    1. Use In Interpreter

    Python automatically stores the value of the last expression in the interpreter to a particular variable called "_." You can also assign these value to another variable if you want.

    You can use it as a normal variable. See the example

    6 + 4
    _ # stores the result of the above expression
    _ + 6
    _
    a = _  # assigning the value of _ to another variable
    a

    2. Ignoring Values

    Underscore(_) is also used to ignore the values. If you don't want to use specific values while unpacking, just assign that value to underscore(_).

    Ignoring means assigning the values to special variable underscore(_). We're assigning the values to underscore(_) given not using that in future code.

    See the example

    ## ignoring a value
    a, _, b = (1, 2, 3) # a = 1, b = 3
    print(a, b)
    
    ## ignoring multiple values
    ## *(variable) used to assign multiple value to a variable as list while unpacking
    ## it's called "Extended Unpacking", only available in Python 3.x
    a, *_, b = (7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1)
    print(a, b)

    3. Use In Looping

    You can use underscore(_) as a variable in looping. See the examples below to get an idea.

    ## lopping ten times using _
    for _ in range(5):
        print(_)
    
    ## iterating over a list using _
    ## you can use _ same as a variable
    languages = ["Python", "JS", "PHP", "Java"]
    for _ in languages:
        print(_)
    
    _ = 5
    while _ < 10:
        print(_, end = ' ') # default value of 'end' id '\n' in python. we're changing it to space
        _ += 1

    4. Separating Digits Of Numbers

    If you have a long digits number, you can separate the group of digits as you like for better understanding.

    Ex:- million = 1_000_000

    Next, you can also use underscore(_) to separate the binary, octal or hex parts of numbers.

    Ex:- binary = 0b_0010, octa = 0o_64, hexa = 0x_23_ab

    Execute all the above examples to see the results.

    ## different number systems
    ## you can also check whether they are correct or not by coverting them into integer using "int" method
    million = 1_000_000
    binary = 0b_0010
    octa = 0o_64
    hexa = 0x_23_ab
    
    print(million)
    print(binary)
    print(octa)
    print(hexa)